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The role of mindfulness as approach-based coping in the PTSD-substance abuse cycle

The role of mindfulness as approach-based coping in the PTSD-substance abuse cycle

  1. aemetha
    Bowen, S., De Boer, D., & Bergman, A. L. (2017). The role of mindfulness as approach-based coping in the PTSD-substance abuse cycle. Addictive Behaviors, 64, 212-216. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.043

    Highlights:

    • Mindfulness has shown an inverse relationship with avoidant coping styles, PTSD symptoms, and substance use disorders.
    • Trait mindfulness and mindfulness training are associated with treatment efficacy in comorbid substance abuse and PTSD.
    • The current study suggests mindfulness mediates the relationship between PTSD symptoms and substance dependence.
    • A reverse mediation model suggests mindfulness mediates the relationship between substance dependence and PTSD symptoms.
    • Results may point to the role of mindfulness in the bidirectional and cyclical nature of this comorbidity.
    • Findings contribute to understanding underlying processes of comorbid PTSD and substance use, and may inform treatment.