, is any of the natural unadultrated alkaloids found in the papaver somniferum poppy
/other poppy breeds.
is a drug
that is synthesized from these alkaloids, thus semi-synthetic, fully synthetic. It is swims understanding that when a drug is categorized by the fda or whoever runs the show in the pertaining country, it is categorized by what its main action is. Take tramadol
for instance. It has anti-depressant properties, in which it acts as a serotonin
-norepinephrine reputake inhibitor. But it also acts on the mu-opioid receptor. Since it is thought out to have most of its action on the opioid receptor, and it is fully synthetic, it is classified as an opioid. Actually, let swim
reword that, since this drug acts on the opioid receptor, (very poorly IMO, only 1/6000 of morphine
) and provides analgesia, its classified as an opioid.
There will be a day, very very far from now, when there is no longer use for morphine. It will be hundreds and hundreds of years, but eventually it will happen. Right now, if we take a look at what is prescribed anually in just North America, the semi-synthetics are taking the cake. And the further and further we go down the road, the closer and closer we get to fully synthetics.
made from thebaine
Thebaine is the most poisonous opium
alkaloid and is scarcely used medically. It is even omitted from some of the preparations of mixed opium alkaloids which are used as soluble substitutes for opium. However, it is converted into several other narcotics
which have medical use: hydrocodone
(dihydrocodeinone), acetyldihydrocodeinone and oxycodone
This question is kind a hard one to answer. There are multiple answers. Basically every opiate is an opioid(technically). An opioid is classified as ANY drug that has activity on the opioid receptor in the central nervous system or gastrointestinal tract. Basically to sum it up.
Opiate- Any of the natural alkaloids in the papaver somniferum poppy that act on the mu-opioid receptors in their natural form.
Opioid- Any drug that acts on the mu-opioid receptors in the body, being natural, or synthetic.
Hope this helps, sorry for the long winded post.