Benzodiazepines are medicines that help relieve nervousness, tension, and other symptoms by slowing the central nervous system.
Benzodiazepines are a type of antianxiety drugs
. While anxiety
is a normal response to stressful
situations, some people have unusually high levels of anxiety that can interfere with everyday life. For these people, benzodiazepines can help bring their feelings under control. The medicine can also relieve troubling symptoms of anxiety, such as pounding heartbeat, breathing problems, irritability, nausea, and faintness.
Physicians may sometimes prescribe these drugs
for other conditions, such as muscle spasms, epilepsy and other seizure disorders
, panic disorder
, and sleeping problems. However, this medicine should not be used every day for sleep problems that last more than a few days. If used this way, the drug
loses its effectiveness within a few weeks.
The family of antianxiety drugs known as benzodiazepines includes alprazolam
), and lorazepam
). These medicines take effect fairly quickly, starting to work within an hour after they are taken. Benzodiazepines are available only with a physician's prescription and are available in tablet, capsule, liquid, or injectable forms.
. Any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives
or muscle relaxants
; chronic use can lead to dependency.